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How Does Permanent Pacemaker Insertion Work?

January 4, 2020
A hand holding an illustration of a heart

How does a permanent pacemaker work?

  1. It regulates the beat of your heart
  2. It helps control your heartbeat
  3. It mimics the heart
  4. The procedure

 

Do you happen to have an irregular heartbeat? Then a permanent pacemaker insertion in Las Piñas can help you manage that. A regular beating heart is crucial to ensure that the body functions properly. With a permanent pacemaker insertion, it can help do just that. To learn how a pacemaker works, scroll down!

 

It Regulates The Beat Of Your Heart

A small red heart on top of a cardiogram

Arrhythmia is a heart problem that affects the rate and the rhythm of your heartbeat. Your heart can either beat too quickly, too slowly, or in an irregular pattern. A heart that beats above normal is called tachycardia. In another case, when the heart beats slowly, it’s called bradycardia. But you’ll find that the most common is atrial fibrillation. This causes irregular and fast heart rhythms.

The heart is a delicate organ in the body. Many factors can directly affect the way it beats. This can include smoking habits, stress, heart attacks, and other congenital heart defects. There are different substances that also cause arrhythmia. The signs you should look out for are:

 

  • Fast or slow heartbeats
  • Skipping rhythm
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Short breath
  • Sweating

 

These symptoms are only the first step. You will need to visit your doctor to run any further tests to check if you have arrhythmia. Depending on your condition, medicine, pacemakers, or surgery will be used.

Pacemakers are inserted to help regulate electrical problems with the heart. This device is usually recommended to make sure the heart doesn’t beat at a dangerously low rate. It is usually inserted in the chest, right below your collarbone. Pacemakers can help patients with arrhythmia continue living a healthy life.

 

It Helps Control Your Heartbeat

A doctor using a stethoscope on a patient

The heart is a powerful muscle that is generally the size of your fist. It includes four chambers, with two on each side. All of these chambers work to keep your heart’s system beating at the optimal rate. The heart can weaken from experiencing a heart attack, going through aging, certain medications, or genetics.

These pacemakers are surgically inserted to help control your heartbeat. This can be a temporary solution to some. Especially if there was a recent heart attack, surgery, or medication overdose. However, some will need this device permanently implanted to correct a slow and irregular heartbeat. In some cases, it also helps patients with heart failure.

 

It Mimics The Heart

X-ray revealing placement of permanent pacemaker

This device has been scientifically engineered by a number of medical professionals to help mimic the heart’s natural electrical functions. It has two main functions for the device to run properly. The first is the pulse generator. This small metal container houses the battery and the electric circuits that regulate the pulses sent to the heart. Next are the leads and electrodes. These are one to 3 insulated wires that are placed in the chambers of your heart to deliver the electrical pulses that adjust the heart rate.

 

The Procedure

ECG and oxygen monitor during a surgery

Prior to your procedure, your nurse will assist you in getting ready. The nurse will insert an intravenous line in your arm or hand to help deliver medications and fluids during surgery. Like any standard surgery, the area should be sterile. Antibiotics will be given through the IV before the surgery begins.

The hair on your chest will be removed through shaving. After shaving, a specialized soap will cleanse the area for surgery. Sterile drapes will then be used to cover your neck down. A soft strap will be placed across the chest and arms to prevent your hands from having contact with the newly sterilized area.

The surgery typically takes one to two hours and requires you to be awake. A sedative will be used to relax you and a local anesthetic will numb the area. Your surgeon starts with a small incision near your shoulder. A small wire will then be guided through the incision into a major vein. This major vein is usually near the collarbone. Your surgeon will then lead the wire through the vein of your heart. An X-ray machine will be used during the procedure to help the surgeon throughout the process.

With the help of the wire, your surgeon will attach the electrode to your heart. The opposite end of the wire is then attached to the pulse generator. Your new pacemaker will be located under your skin, just by your collarbone. The surgery is then closed off with the stitching of your incisions.

 

Key Takeaway

The pacemaker is not a replacement for an actual heart, but it works as needed to correct the heartbeat. Some new pacemakers are able to detect the body’s motion and breathing, which can signal the pacemakers to adjust accordingly. This device overall improves the way of life of anyone with abnormal heart conditions. If you happen to experience any symptoms mentioned above, this device and a permanent pacemaker insertion in Las Piñas may be recommended to you.

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